Endodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of infections related to the dental pulp. Endodontists undergo a few extra years of specialization after completing dental school in this domain. The primary oral concern endodontists deal with is a root canal infection, which can severely affect a tooth to the point of being extracted.
How is a root canal infection caused?
The most prominent cause of a root canal infection is cavities. Cavities are caused due to tartar deposits adhered to the teeth’ surfaces. When tartar deposits are not removed at regular intervals, or the cavities are not restored using fillings, they can grow deeper and affect the underlying layers of the tooth. When the microbes reach the root canal cavity, they cause an infection by releasing toxins into the dental pulp. Some of the other causes are external trauma to the mouth, which damages the teeth, gum diseases, severely worn out teeth, etc.
What are the symptoms of a root canal infection?
- Bleeding and discharge of pus from the gums
- Severe pain when you bite and chew food
- The tooth may loosen from its socket
- In the advanced stages, there could be jawbone deterioration
- The tooth tends to discolor and become excessively sensitive to hot and cold foods
How is root canal therapy treated?
The dentist will thoroughly diagnose your condition before coming up with a treatment solution. A root canal therapy is the last resort solution for saving a severely infected tooth after considering a few alternate procedures. The dentist will thoroughly clean the teeth and apply a rubber dam to isolate the infected tooth. A small hole will be made on it to extract the infected tissues.
We will insert dental files of varying sizes into the tooth to scrub the cavity walls and remove the infected pulp. A jet of water is used to wash away the debris and clean the cavity. A small amount of antimicrobial medication is placed in the cavity before sealing it with a filling material. Further, we recommend restoring the tooth using a ceramic crown to hold it intact as it could become weak after the therapy.
Please schedule an appointment online or call us at (718) 447-4510 to have a consultation with Dr. Brenman and his associates, and we will be happy to help.